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满分GMAT作文的炼成之道!

发布时间:2017-01-23来源:57美国网编辑:Jessie
作为基础的美国留学要求之一,GMAT其实并不算特别困难。但如何写出一篇完美的GMAT作文,获得高分,却不是每个人都能做到的。今天,我们就来谈谈GMAT高分作文的炼成之道!更多美国留学要求相关文章,尽请关注57美国网哟~

作为基础的美国留学要求之一,GMAT其实并不算特别困难。但如何写出一篇完美的GMAT作文,获得高分,却不是每个人都能做到的。今天,我们就来谈谈GMAT高分作文的炼成之道!更多美国留学要求相关文章,尽请关注57美国网哟~


1、开头


In this argument, the arguer concludes/ suggests/ makes a suggestion/ makes a conclusion that…To justify this conclusion/ suggestion/ argument, the arguer points out/ cites that…The arguer also points out/ cites that…Although the argument/ conclusion/ suggestion seems plausible, after closely scrutinizing this argument, I find that this argument is logically flawed in several aspects, which render it unconvincing as it stands.

  

2、结尾


In conclusion, despite that fact that this argument seems appealing, it has several logical flaws, and is therefore unpersuasive as it stands. To bolster his or her argument, the arguer must provide more information which can show that…To better support this argument, the arguer should also provide…To better evaluate this argument, I would also need to know that…


3、调查问题

  

A threshold problem with this argument involves a survey/ study/ research itself. The statistical reliability of the survey/study/research/ is really dubious可疑 for the reason that the speaker provide no evidence which can show that the number of the respondents( 这里建议替换成调查研究中的群体。比如针对谁提问就写谁) is statistically significant or that the respondents were representative of the overall group of people(接所有群体,比如北京市所有的一类群体) in general. Common sense tells us that the smaller the size of the sample, the greater the possibility for biased results, the less reliable the result of the survey and the less reliable any general conclusions drawn from the survey. That is to say, (你要开始攻击了) The number of participants, 100(文中数据), might be just an insufficiently small sample on which cannot be justifiably relied to draw any reliable conclusions about... Also, the sample might be not necessarily representative of (所有群体). Lacking the information about the randomness and the size of the survey sample, the speaker cannot convince me to believe in the result of the survey—let alone draw any broader recommendation based on the survey/study/research/ result.

  用于结尾总结的句型: To better support this argument, the arguer should provide more information to show that the respondents of the survey are statistically significant in number and can represent the overall ...

总结一下,这个是针对原题中出现什么调查研究的专门攻击段,如果你在考试中看到了任何研究调查,立刻把这一段写好。这个攻击段的主题很简单,你的前提,我表示怀疑,而且你没有给我更多的关于你前提的消息,所以,你的结论我也表示怀疑。


4、因果关系错


---作者忽略了其他可能的因素(例:婴儿的反应melantonin是青春期焦虑的典型征兆)


The arguer unfairly assumes that the fact that A is due to B. However, there is no sufficient evidence which can substantiate/confirm this assumption. The speaker overlooks other factors that might also lead to the fact that (接原题的结论。比如,盈利,水平上升,总之就是作者希望的那样). As a matter of fact, the fact that A might be explained by a variety of factors. So lacking evidence to confirm this assumption, it is entirely possible that…It is equally possible that…Moreover, perhaps that…(一般情况下我推荐3种其他的可能性) In short, without considering and ruling out all of these and other possibilities, the credibility of the arguer’s conclusion is really open to doubt for the reason that each of the possibilities, if true, would serve to undermine the arguer’s conclusion./ the arguer cannot justifiably concludes that…/ I remain unconvinced that…

  

这段很重要,所有的题目都会有这样的错误,必须要完全背熟。

  

结尾中的总结句: The author must consider and eliminate other possible reasons that may also lead to this result.

  

5、无根据假设

 

(无据攻击法)—任何题目通杀(例: 牛奶农庄数量上升一定导致牛奶价格下降)

  

Moreover, the argument rests on a unconvincing assumption that A leads to B for the reason that there is no evidence given to substantiate the claim that A contributes to B. (除了调查,原题一定会给一个其他的逻辑A-B这样的非充分必要条件,本段的攻击就是针对其展开) Even if it is true that…the mere fact that(指向原题的条件) does not necessarily indicate that(原题结论). It is entirely possible that(注意,本次可能性列举是就原题条件列举,上段的列举是就结论列举,完全不同,一个是反证,一个是归谬。请大家注意)..Or perhaps….(这段列举我不建议超过2个,因为太多的列举会显得逻辑性不强。2个就够了)

  

Thus, given these possible scenarios, the fact(原题的条件) prove nothing about (原题结论)

  

本段小结,所有的题目也都会出现这样的错误,也就是说,无论在原题没有调查研究这样的题目中,模版中的3.4段都应该出现,并且绝对是你的主要攻击火力。

  

6、错误类比

  

The argument is unconvincing also because it is based on a false analogy. Failing to take into account the possible differences between A and B, the arguer makes a hasty analogy. It is entirely possible that A and B are not similar enough to justify this analogical deduction.(上面的句子是所有错误类比的题目通杀的句子, 只要有错误类比, 那么先把这几句打上) Perhaps…(两者之间可能差异一)Or perhaps…(两者之间可能差异二). Therefore, without providing sufficient information showing that most or even all of the conditions in A and B is similar or the same, the author cannot convince me that the method which is efficient in A can also be efficient in B as well. (结尾句同样是所有错误类比的题目通杀的, 只要有错误类比, 这句就写上)

  

The mere fact that A is scant evidence that B would achieve its goals by following A’s example. Perhaps the same course of action would be ineffective on B due to geological differences between the two islands. Or perhaps ... In short, lacking evidence that conditions on the two islands are relevantly similar, the author cannot convince me on the basis of A’s experience that the proposed course of action would be effective in attaining Tria’s goals.

  

所以我们可以看到, 错误类比也是相当好操作的一种错误, 事实上唯一需要动动脑子的就是中间两者差异的列举, 其余部分都是固定的.

  

7、错误比较

  

The arguer commits a false comparison for the reason that there is no evidence which can show that A and B is comparable at every aspect…(自己的论证) Therefore, without showing that A and B are really comparable at most or even all of their each aspects, the arguer’s comparison is meaningless.


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